Eczema (or atopic dermatitis as it is technically referred to) causes people to suffer from red and itchy skin patches. This is a chronic condition that may go dormant for periods of time before flaring up.
People with severe eczema get more flare ups of greater severity. Eczema can attack people of any age. Baby eczema and childhood eczema are common.
There are different types and formulations of eczema. What’s more, people have different triggers for when an eczema attack flares up. The good news is that there are many options to help prevent and treat these eczema flare ups from being serious detriments to daily life. If you’re interested in learning more about eczema, keep reading.
Causes of Eczema and Eczema Triggers
Eczema is caused by an issue with one of the genes in a person’s body. This defective gene variation is passed on from parents to children and can cause them to get eczema. This is the overall general cause of eczema. Flare ups of eczema causes the skin to become dry, itchy, become red and have small bumps that leak fluid. The skin can become thick, cracked, scaly and very raw to the touch.
Further examining eczema, there are many different triggers for individual events. Typically, some form of irritant will touch the skin. Some of the most common trigger causes are metals, soaps and cleaners, perfumes and colognes, smoke, ointments, polyester. There are many other triggers and it’s important for anyone with eczema to determine which triggers they are vulnerable to.
Preventing and Reducing Eczema Flare Ups
There are many people who suffer from chronic severe eczema. With these cases, you will see severe eczema exposed throughout the visible skin of the person. It may cover the entire chest or torso of a person, for example.
The good news there are many things that can be done so to prevent the eczema from drying out skin and making flares painful and difficult. The first step is ensuring proper skin moisture. This means using moisturizing products throughout the day. Make sure that these products are intended for sensitive skin and are beneficial to eczema, since many people find some cleaning and moisturizing products to actually act as triggers. Sensitive skin items should apply throughout hygiene products. This means sensitive skin shampoos and gentle soaps.
When taking a shower, there’s several things that can help keep the skin from drying out. Using warm water instead of hot water helps. Limiting showers to only around 10 to 15 minutes (or baths if that’s your preference) is also beneficial.
Treating eczema will usually start with some medications. These medications are designed to reduce flare ups. These come in creams that are applied directly to the skin care. It’s also possible that antibiotics can be prescribed. Many people with eczema gain infections through the broken skin that occurs during a flare up.
In addition to medication, there are some other options as well. Wet dressings is a technique in which wet bandages are included along with topical medication. This is normally done in hospitals for severe cases, but more people are learning how to perform the treatment on themselves for mild and moderate cases. Light therapy is an option for people who find they are resistant to direct topical medications. Light therapy involves strong ultraviolet directed at the areas of eczema. Unfortunately, some side effects of constant light therapy can include skin cancer or premature severe aging of the affected skin areas.