There are many different conditions which can be classified as movement disorders. A movement disorder will affect the body in a specific way. It can either increase movement in a way that is not requested, or it can prevent the body from moving in the way intended.
Movement disorders can stem from a variety of causes. Many are inherited or genetic in nature.
Each of the different movement disorders in this list are unique. However, they will often share some common symptoms like muscle weakness, or involuntary muscle movements. Read on to learn more about some of the common movement disorders that could potentially affect you, your family or the people around you.
1 - Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease is one of the best known movement disorders. It is a progressive condition, which means that it continues to get worse over time. Most people know Parkinson’s disease for the tremors that are very common. However, tremors are not the only issue people with parkinson’s have. Stiffness in the muscles is very common. Other people find that their movement simply slows down until it’s difficult to do.
2 - Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Spinal muscular atrophy (or SMA for short convenient usage) is categorized as a genetic disease. It affects the nervous system. Specifically it affects the section of a person’s nervous system responsible for voluntary body movements. People with SMA lose their motor neurons in the spinal cord. This in turn, affects the muscles which will weaken as they are unable to become active. People with SMG suffer from severe muscle weakness. The most common muscles are those around the torso and in the middle of the body. Shoulders, hips, thighs and back muscles are very common. As the muscles become weak, the bones around the muscles can become injured as well.
3 - Tardive Dyskinesia
Tardive dyskinesia has a specific cause. It’s a neurological condition. People who have to use neuroleptic drugs for psychiatric conditions are at risk. It’s the long term use of these drugs which results in people suffering from Tardive Dyskinesia. People who have tardive dyskinesia movements are involuntary and don’t serve any purpose. It’s also repetitive. Many people may find that they are performing a lot of facial movements like puckering and pursing the lips, grimaces, smacking lips or tongue protrusion. It’s also possible to have rapid body movements in the legs, arms, eyes, or torso.
4 - Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome is not quite as life altering as some of the previous items in this list, but it’s still quite troubling to people who have it. People with restless leg syndrome will find that they move their legs uncontrollably. It’s most common for people during evenings and night time. It’s more common when people are sitting or laying down. In order to reduce the uncomfortable feelings, people need to move. Restless leg syndrome is often described with various feelings in the leg. Some people describe it as itching, throbbing, creeping or electric pulses.
5 - Essential Tremor
Essential tremor is a neurological disorder in which a person will involuntarily shake. While essential tremor is common in the hands, it’s also possible for any part of the body to have it occur. Essential tremor can make tasks like holding a glass, tying shoelaces or using a television remote control difficult. Essential tremor is more common as people age, and typically occurs in people over the age of 40. Essential tremor starts off weak, then it becomes gradually worse. Unlike something like restless leg syndrome where movement makes it better, essential tremor worsens with any movements.