High Blood Sugar Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Somewhere on the shelves of just about every health supplement section is a selection of all types of products for controlling and monitoring high blood sugar levels.

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Most people pass them by without so much as a glance though because they falsely believe that they will never have to worry about using them. But that is far from the truth. According to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the amount of people who will be diagnosed with type-two diabetes is expected to continue to rise, especially in young adults and teens. The main reason for this is the unhealthy lifestyle that this generation has adopted, which is based on a poor diet and little exercise. Because of this, it is crucial that everyone understands the following information on the causes, symptoms, and treatment options of high blood sugar.

The Causes of High Blood Sugar

There are two main types of diabetes. The first one is called “type one.” Doctors believe that it is caused by problems with the immune system, which makes the body attack and destroy the cells of the pancreas that are responsible for producing hormones to manage blood sugar. Type-one diabetes can happen to anyone. In fact, there have been cases of babies just a few months old diagnosed with it.

The second type of diabetes is called “type two.” It is more common because it is typically caused by obesity and eating a poor diet. Carrying around as little as 5 pounds of extra weight over the doctor recommended weight guidelines stresses the pancreas, so it doesn't produce what the body needs. The pancreas can also stop producing because it gets burnt out from being overworked from trying to keep up with a person's poor diet that is composed of too much sugar and starches.

The Symptoms of High Blood Sugar

The symptoms of high blood sugar that a person with either type-one or type-two diabetes gets are caused by the cells of the body starving for energy. In a healthy person, the cells are fed with energy appropriately. When blood sugar is too high and unmanaged, the cells do not absorb the sugar. This makes them turn to stored fat for energy. That is why it is common for a diabetic to lose weight rapidly at first.

When there isn't enough fat to use, the body will break down muscle in order to provide the energy it needs. So people with high blood sugar will notice that their arms and legs are not as strong as they used to be, and they look much thinner.

They will also start to feel very hungry and thirsty all the time. The increase in hunger is caused by the body trying to desperately keep someone alive by encouraging them to eat more often. This only raises the blood sugar levels even higher though because the cells are still not able to accept the extra sugar. The increase in thirst is a reflex as the body attempts to help flush out the excess sugar through the kidneys and bladder with the extra fluids. Unsurprisingly, this causes constant urination as well. 

Treatment Options Available for High Blood Sugar

Treating diabetes is often a life-long commitment, which begins with switching to a healthy diet of lean meat, vegetables, fresh fruit and whole grains. Exercising for about 30 minutes a day is also important because it helps use up the extra sugar in the blood stream. In fact, many cases of type-two diabetes can be eliminated if a person uses diet and exercise to get their weight down to a healthy range. However, if this isn't possible, prescription medications may be needed to help control the high blood sugar levels.

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